Aretha Franklin died today at the age of 76 years. To honor their heritage, the hairstyles that were fashionable during the height of their popularity are highlighted.
In the 1960s, a revolution of counterculture began, in which social norms in all areas from music to film to fashion were questioned and rewritten. The bouffants, pompadours and poodles cuts that have prevailed in the last decade have been replaced by more exaggerated, edgier hairstyles. Hair became a symbolic representation of societal change as women chose shorter cuts and men chose their hair for lengths previously considered unacceptable. Variety included the decade, with a variety of styles that quickly moved in and out of fashion over the years.
Below is our list of the 9 most memorable hairstyles of the 1960s and how they were influenced and influenced by the people Culture of the decade.
1. The Beehive
This style was developed by Margaret Vinci Heldt, a hairdresser from Elmhurst, Illinois. The exaggerated look of stacking hair on the head in a conical shape and applying plenty of hairspray got its name from the fact that it resembled a real beehive in shape and size. Made famous by the music group The Ronettes, the hive was seen everywhere on celebrities like Aretha Franklin on television programs like Star Trek.
2. The Flipped Bob
In 1961 America chose its hitherto youngest president, John F. Kennedy, and with him his young and impeccably stylish wife, Jacqueline Kennedy. At the beginning of the decade, Jackie Kennedy became a term that became synonymous with grace and class for many Americans. Her signature hairstyle, a short, bob-cut cut out at the ends, was copied by millions of women. Even superstars like Diana Ross and the Supremes and Elizabeth Montgomery had versions of First Lady’s popular look.
[Image credit: Michael Ochs Archives via Getty Images and ABC Television via Wikimedia]
3. The Mop Top
In the 1960s, perhaps the greatest band of all time, the Beatles. The Liverpool-based group climbed to unprecedented popularity in the US, eventually leading to “Beatlemania.” Although their hairstyles developed dramatically over the years, the Beatles were initially recognizable for their “mop-top” look – a messier, longer-cut cut that departed from the sleek, classic looks of the 1950s. The style became a symbol of rebellion and was quickly adopted by Beatles lovers around the world.
[Image credit: United Press International via Wikimedia]
4. The bomb
Social taboos were constantly called into question in the 1960s. Sexuality has become increasingly popular, especially in the field of film and cinema. This was reflected in larger, sexy hair. Actresses like Raquel Welch, Jane Fonda and Brigitte Bardot wore long, flowing, voluminous hairstyles that soon became synonymous with beauty and sensuality.
[Image credit: Michel Bernanau via Wikimedia and Photoshot via Getty Images]
5. The New Pixie
At the exact opposite end of the spectrum of big, towering hair, many women opted for shorter, rebellious cuts. The world-famous model Lesley Lawson, better known as Twiggy, jumped on a new version of the 1950s Pixies that was smooth, smooth and boyish. Soon, women began to copy the famous side panel, and the long, side pony look.
[Image credit: Popperfoto via Getty Images]
6. The Vidal Sassoon Cut
Vidal Sassoon, a British hairdresser who soon established himself in the US, was closely associated with the new enthusiasm for short, boyish Pixies in the mid-1960s. The geometric, Bauhaus-inspired looks were incredibly radical for the time, but that did not stop the Sassoon styles from exploding in popularity. Sassoon’s heavily publicized haircuts by celebrity celebrities such as Nancy Kwan and Mia Farrow began to demand short, sharp, twisty glances around the country.
[Image credit: Ronald Dumont via Getty Images]
As the African American civil rights movement gained in importance in the 1960s, it brought a new sense of identity to the African American community. In a conscious departure from earlier styles that demanded that African Americans attempt to model their hair in the style of white Americans, the 1960s saw the Afro become increasingly popular. The Afro, also called “Fro” or “natural hair”, became a symbol of Afro-American power and was worn by supporters and civil rights activists such as Angela Davis, Jimi Hendrix and James Brown.
8. Hippie Hair
In the second half of the decade, the counterculture movement gained in importance as hippies became mainstream. War Prisoners, Woodstock and The Summer of Love challenged the more straight-legged older generations, as did the increasingly long hairs that appeared in hippie culture. Men and women began to develop their curls into long, natural, unkempt styles that directly challenged the textured, glamorous looks of past years. Musicians like Joan Baez, Janis Joplin and The Grateful Dead helped make the free flowing style more popular.
[Image credit: Rowland Scherman via Wikimedia and Ashley Famous Agency / Albert B. Grossman via Wikimedia]
One thing has united the incredibly different looks of the 1960s: hair accessories. The decade saw an explosion of various accessories that adorned and enhanced unique styles. Jackie Kennedy’s pill box, Grace Kelly’s glamorous headscarves, along with ribbons, flowers, and jewels paved the way for women to bring fashion and fun into their hairstyles.